Oleh: M Arif Romadoni | 05/02/2011

FUNCTIONAL SKILL (UNGKAPAN) klik disini

CONTOH – CONTOH UNGKAPAN

 

  1. Offering Help or Things (menawarkan bantuan / menawarkan sesuatu)

Untuk menawarkan bantuan, dapat digunakan ungkapan-ungkapan berikut:

– May I help you?- Can I help you?- Could I help you?

– How can I be of assistance to you?

– How can I be of help to you?

– What can I help you

– What can I do for you?- How can I assist you?- How can I help you?

– Let me help you?

– Do you want me to help you?

– Shall I …?

Cara memberi tawaran seperti menawarkan makanan atau minuman dalam bahasa Inggris lazimnya dengan menggunakan ungkapan Would you like…?, Would you care for …?, why don’t you have…?, How about having …? May I offer you …?

 

Contoh:

Tawaran Respon

– Would you like some bread?                                            Yes, please.

– Would you care for some coffee?                         No, thanks. I don’t drink coffee.

– Why don’t you have some biscuit, please?                        Thanks, I’d love to.

Jawaban untuk menerima tawaran antara lain: Yes please, Sure, Why not, Ofcourse, Certainly, I’d love to, It’s a good idea, That’s great. Untuk menolak tawaran digunakan ungkapan seperti: No, thanks, Please don’t bother, I’d love to but…, That’s great but…

  1. 2. Introducing (memperkenalkan)

 

Memperkenalkan Dri Memperkenalkan Orang Lain
– I’d like to introduce myself. – My I introduce myself? – Let me introduce myself!         

– I want to introduce myself

– I’d like you to meet … (nama) – This is my friend/boss/etc…(nama) – Have you met…(nama)?

– May I introduce you to …(nama/jabatan)

– Let me introduce you to ….

– I want to introduce you to ….

  1. Inviting (mengundang/mengajak)
 Undangan/Ajakan Menolak Menerima
– let’s + V1       – Why don’t we …?      – How about…?

– I’d like to invite you to…

– Would you like to…?

– I wonder if you’d like to

– I’m sorry I can’t- I’d like to but…- I’m afraid I can’t

– No, let’s not.

 

– I’d love to – I’d like very much – I’d be happy/glad to

accept

– Yes, I’d be delighted to.

– That’s good ide

  1. Expressing Thanks (terimakasih)
Ungkapan Respon
Thank youThank you very muchThanks.

Thank you very much for… (kata benda)

I’m grateful for…(kata benda/noun)

You are welcome.That’s all rightNot at all

Don’t mention it

Thet’s all right

Any time

  1. Congratulations (ucapan selamat)
Ungkapan Respon
CongratulationsCongratulations on …I’d like to congratulate you.

I’d like to congratulate you on…

It was great to hear…

It was to hear about….

Happy birthday to you.

Happy new year.

Good luck!

Have a nice holiday

Thank youThank you and the same to youThank you. I need it.

Thank you very much.

  1. Sympathy (menyatakan rasa simpati)

Ungkapan-ungkapan perasaan simpati atas mala petaka/musibah yang dialami orang lain diantaranya:

  • I’m sorry to hear that
  • Oh, that’s too bad.
  • How awful!
  • How terrible!
  • Poor!
  1. Pleasure, Displeasure (senang & tidak senang)
Pleasure/senang Displeasure/tidak senang
It’s really delightful/Iam delightedI’m satisfiedThat’s great

That’s wonderful

It’s really a great pleasure

I’m dissatisfiedWe are fed up with…I feel dosappointed

She is extremely displeased

  1. Satisfaction, Dissatisfaction ( kepuasan, ketidakpuasan)

Ketika kita akan mengungkapkan kepuasan atas kerja seseorang, kita dapat gunakan ungkapan:

  • Well done!
  • Great! Good work
  • I am satisfied with your work
  • You did well
  • Your job is satisfactory
  • I am so happy about this
  • I’m glad to what you’ve done
  • It’s really satisfying

Katika kita akan mengungkapkan ketidakpuasan atas kerja seseorang, kita dapat gunakan:

  • I’m not satisfied with work
  • You haven’t done well enough
  • I am really dissappointed
  • Sorry, but your work is not satisfactory
  • Oh, no!
  • It’s not very nice
  • It’s really not good enough
  1. Asking & Giving Opinion (meminta & memberi pendapat)
Asking Opinion Giving opinion
How was the trip?How do you like your new house?How do you think of Rina’s idea?

How do you feel about this dicition?

What is your opinions of the movie?

What are your feelings about it?

I think (that)….In my opinion….As I see, …

If you ask me, I feel…

10.  Agreement/approval, Disagreement/disapproval (setuju, tidak setuju)

Ketika kita merasa sependapat dengan opini orang lain, kita bisa mengatakan:

  • So do I
  • Yes, I agree with you
  • It is certainly
  • Exactly
  • That’s what I want to say
  • I am with you
  • I am on your side

Ketika kita merasa tidak sependapat dengan opini orang lain, kita bisa mengatakan:

  • Well, I don’t think so
  • I don’t think that is true
  • I disagree with …
  • I wouldn’t say that
  • Exactly not
  • I can’t say so
  • On contrary
  • I don’t buy that idea

11.  Fear, Anciety (ungkapan ketakutan, kegelisahan)

Fear Respon
I am afraidI am fearedI am scared

I am terrified

The sound is horrifying

Don’t be afraidThere is nothing to be afraid ofIt is nothing
Anciety Respon
I am worried about…I am anxious to know about…I wondered if…

That made me worried

I have been thinking about ….

I am afraid if…

Take is easyCalm downI know you are worried but…

It is not a big deal

Don’t worry

Stay cool

12.  Pain, Relief (ungkapan kesakitan, kelegaan)

Pain Relief
Ouch!That was hurtIt is painful

It hurts me

I’ve got a backache/toothache/stomachache

I feel sore all over

My eyes hurt

I’m very relieved to hear…Finally, it was overI feel relieved

I feel much better

I’m glad it’s over

That’s a great relief

I’m extremely glad to hear…

Thank goodness for that

Marvellous

What a relief!

13.  Like/Love & Dislike/Hate (suka/cinta & tidak suka/benci)

Like Dislike
I love itI like itI am keen on it

I am crazy about it

We all enjoy

(benda/noun/gerund)…is my cup of tea

I don’t really like itI dislike itI am not really interested in…

I can’t enjoy…

(benda/noun/gerund)…is not my cup of tea

I can’t stand

I hate it

14.  Embarrassment & Annoyance (Ungkapan rasa malu, kejengkelan)

Embarrassment Annoyance
I am embarrassedI feel ashamedOh my God

Shame on me

I don’t feel comfortable

I feel awkward

I am annoyedI had enough with itI can’t bear it any longer

You made me annoyed

You are such a pain in the neck

You made me sick

15.  Request (permintaan)

Request Acceptance Refusal
Would it be possible for                                                      you toWould you be so kind as toWould you…,please?

Would you mind …?

Any chance of…

Can you…?

I should be delighted to comeBy all meansI have no objection

I’d be happy to

Sure

Yeah

OK

No problem

Mmm

I regret to say that we find ourselves unable to goI’m afraid it’s not possibleI’m afraid not

Sorry

No, I won’t

Not likely

You must be joking

16.  Complaint, Blame (keluhan,menyalahkan)

Complaint Blame
I’m not at all satisfied with the serviceI really do/must objec to the serviceI take great exception to…

I want to complain about…

This is crazy!

You’re the one to blameIt’s your fault!It’s your mistake!

You’re wrong

17.  Regret, Apology (penyesalan, meminta maaf)

Regret Apology
Much to my regretSadly, I ….Unfortunately

I’m terribly sorry

I honestly regret that I …

Sorry, I …

Please accept my apologies for what I didPlease forgive me for what I didI am extremely sorry

I really must apologies

May I offer you my sincerest apologies?

18.  Possibility & Impossibility (kemungkinan & ketidakmungkinan)

Menyatakan Kemungkinan Menanyakan Kemungkinan
I think there is possibility to …I sassume/believe…In all probability,…

it is going to be possible for me to…

that will probably …

it’s quite possible …

Do you think he/it could…?Would you say we’re capable of…?Are you capable of…?

Are you able to…?

Do you have any experience of…?

Can you…?

Do you know how to…?

Do you think you can…?

Sumber : Ringkasan Materi Bahasa Inggris SMA oleh Bapak Ulan Darulan  di http://www.scribd.com

Iklan

Tinggalkan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:

Logo WordPress.com

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Logout / Ubah )

Gambar Twitter

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Facebook

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Google+

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Logout / Ubah )

Connecting to %s

Kategori

%d blogger menyukai ini: